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Presentation of Kildn

Presentation of Kildn 1920 1080 admin_kilden

Aim to build the world’s first zero-emission port

Aim to build the world’s first zero-emission port 2560 1409 admin_kilden

Press release. Bergen. 19 May 2020

The world’s first zero-emission port may be completed as soon as 2026. The goal is for the new port outside Bergen – Kildn – to be self-sufficient for renewable energy and to create hundreds of new green jobs.

Crystal clear political message

In 2018, the Norwegian parliament decided that no tourist or cruise ships should use fossil fuels in the fjords in Western Norway from 2026 onwards. Under the Action Plan for Green Shipping, the government aspires for all Norwegian ports to be zero-emission by 2030.

“The political message is crystal clear. For there to be continued growth in shipping and tourism in Western Norway, their climate impact must be significantly reduced. Our plans will enable and facilitate the kind of sustainable development of the region’s shipping and tourism that is wanted, while simultaneously creating hundreds of new jobs”, says Rygg.

Bergen’s municipal master plan sets out a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent by 2030. Since March 2020, Vy Fjord1 Reiseliv has already been operating hybrid electric vessels, and from the turn of the year it will start using fully electric, zero-emission vessels.

Unique use renewable energy solutions

The ambition is to build the first zero-emission port capable of generating, storing and using its own energy, thereby minimising the strain on the local electrical grid. The zero-emission port will have a 1.3 km long quay front where cruise ships, cargo ships and high-speed craft can dock and be resupplied with whatever fossil-free energy source they need – electricity, hydrogen or ammonia.

In practice this will involve developing an energy hub combining shore power, battery storage technology, solar panels and thermal energy.

“This energy system will provide sufficient power for shore power and for charging ships, so that we minimise the strain on the electrical grid. Kildn will thus facilitate the transition to a greener future for shipping. We will require all large cruise ships to operate in zero-emission mode when sailing in and out of the port. Building a new port where this has been planned from day one is a unique opportunity. Nothing like it exists at the moment”, says Rygg.

The idea is to achieve this by using an optimal balance of four different potential renewable energy sources:

  1. Sea water from a depth of 100 metres that will be passed through a heat exchanger and used to cool fresh water, which will be distributed around the facility to provide cooling.
  2. Approximately 23,000 m2 of rooftop solar panels will cover a significant proportion of the facility’s energy consumption.
  3. Underground battery storage system to provide extra power for shore power. That will help to reduce the need to draw electricity from the grid on Askøy.
  4. A seawater pumped storage power station where water is pumped up to a great height when power and energy is available, and then released through a turbine when power and energy are required. This serves the same purpose as the battery, and it will also be built underground.

Home port for the fast ferry network

The area enjoys a strategic location on the approach to Bergen, so it could play a key role in a fast ferry network, acting as a charging station and hub linking Bergen, Flesland and the new port at Ågotnes. The project backers believe the port has the potential to supply five large cruise ships, as well as a fleet of electric high-speed craft operating on a fast ferry network serving the Bergen region.

Instead of all cruise ships having to enter Bergen, some of them will be able to dock at Askøy, where they will be able to resupply and recharge their batteries. “Passengers will be ferried to and from Bergen, Flesland and the fjords on a network of routes served by fast electric ferries”, says Rygg.

Green roof and greater accessibility

The green port will be built on a part of the island that is uninhabited. The area is hilly and inaccessible, with vertical cliffs down to the sea. The area is currently not very well set up or widely used for hiking. The building is designed to fit into the landscape. The main building will link the countryside to the north of the port with the countryside and sea front to the south by means of a green roof that you can walk along.

“We have looked at how to ensure that Kildn fits as naturally as possible into the landscape. All natural environments are vulnerable, and we want to preserve this one as much as possible. Existing recreation activities will be improved by making them more accessible and by using universal design principles. Additional activities will be made available and added at Eidsvika. We will also carry out thorough environmental impact assessments and get the input of experts and the residents of Askøy during the planning process”, says Rygg.

Kildn aims to offer new scenic viewpoints, accessible architecture and a green rooftop terrace as part of its new recreational offering for hikers in Askøy.

Securing revenues and jobs

Bergen is currently Norway’s busiest port of call for cruise ships, and fjord tourism generates significant revenues for businesses in the region. However, the city council has decided to reduce the number of cruise ships calling at Bergen city centre from eight to three per day. Alternative options are therefore needed.

“As a home port for cruise ships, Kildn can be a complementary port to Bergen. It can make an important contribution to ensuring that the Bergen region has the capacity and flexibility to cater to the expected increase in fjord tourism and cruise passengers in the region”, continues Rygg.

The area offers vast opportunities, and Rygg envisages a future with an underwater restaurant, hotel and conference centre, as well as research and other activities related to the energy and destination sectors.

The port also has the potential to become an attraction in its own right. The plans could generate significant wider economic benefits for the whole region, not just by creating new jobs on Askøy and in the rest of the region. He believes that the Bergen region, led by Askøy, can become a world-leader in sustainable development.

“From a global perspective, a zero-emission port like this creates enormous possibilities. Not only will it help to electrify shipping and tourism, it will also enable green development throughout the region, as well as making us an attractive location for other industries”, says Rygg.

A coastal municipality that wants green growth

Kildn is located in Askøy Municipality, which has a stated political goal of improving maritime passenger services. The municipality wants to encourage the use of renewable and alternative energy sources. Moreover, the municipality wants to attract new, green industries, as well as green jobs.

“Kildn wants to help it meet all of these important goals. However, this will not happen automatically, and the various stakeholders involved in taking the concept further must dedicate the necessary resources to it over the long term. A project like Kildn will make an important contribution to meeting the municipality’s goal of green growth”, says Rygg.

Not worried about the cruise industry’s future

In April, an analysis by Menon Economics estimated that businesses in Bergen would lose out on up to NOK 750 million if the summer season were to be cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic.

“Of course some people have asked us whether now is the right time to launch a port project. But we’re thinking long-term. I’m sure we’ll learn lots from the pandemic, which we will incorporate into our plans for the new port. At the same time, we have listened to the Norwegian and international cruise and tourism industry, and although there is great uncertainty about how it will be affected, everyone we have spoken to is busy adapting to the new normal. They are also investing in the transition to a greener economy, which is another area where we think Kildn can play a big role. I’m not worried”, says Rygg.

According to a survey performed by Innovation Norway, cruise passengers spend NOK 1.8 billion in Norway over the course of the summer season.

 

Turning vision into reality

“All projects start out as a vision. The Bergen Light Rail system and the Bergen Line also started out as visions. Yes, this project is ambitious, but we are absolutely serious in our belief that it can be realised. It is vital for this to be a sustainable project, otherwise there’s no point in us implementing it. In order to have any chance of building a new port, both the local and national authorities will require it to be a green, forward-looking project. We don’t have all of the answers yet, but we believe that we have reached a good starting point for discussion. Kildn can be a catalyst for the right kind of development, but we’ll have to see if there is the political will to explore the project further. We are ready”, concludes Rygg.

About the port

  • Quays covering a total area of 95,000 m2 and 55,000 m2 of public spaces.
  • Capacity to receive almost 20,000 cruise passengers per day.
  • Will generate, store and distribute its own energy using solar panels, battery storage technology and thermal energy taken from a depth of 100 metres in the sea.
  • These energy systems will provide enough power for shore power and to charge electric vessels.
  • Will comprise a hotel, cafés, restaurants and other services related to shipping and the energy sector.
  • The project is the brain child of Tertnes Holding AS, and the site will be developed by the property developers Rexir Holding.
  • COWI has developed the concept study for Kildn
  • The project will be financed using a partnership model between the stakeholders.
  • EY is working on developing various business models for the project.

Contact person
Filip Rygg, CEO Rexir Holding, Tel. no.: +47 91849610, fr@rexir.no

INTERVIEW WITH CEO OF FJORD TOURS

INTERVIEW WITH CEO OF FJORD TOURS 2560 1440 admin_kilden

INTERVIEW WITH KRISTIAN JØRGENSEN, CEO OF FJORD TOURS

In conjunction with the launch of Kildn, we asked the CEO of the Fjord Tours Group, Kristian Jørgensen, to share his thoughts on the project and what he has seen so far.

Your many years’ experience from the tourism industry make you something of an expert on tourism. What is your initial reaction to this presentation?

“I have to say I’m incredibly impressed. Just imagine what such an exciting, big and groundbreaking project would do for Bergen, Western Norway and even Norway, for that matter. I really believe in it.

But these are strange times we’re living in. The tourism industry is in crisis, at least in the short term, on account of coronavirus and everything that is going on.”

What is your outlook for the future?

“Tourism will probably take a year or two to get back on its feet. But looking further ahead, there will be massive growth in tourism. Only seven percent of Chinese people have a passport so far. That will rise to 25 percent in the next 5-6 years. Right there you have the world’s biggest market of tourists. Tourism is the world’s biggest industry, and it will also see the strongest growth over the coming years. The coronavirus crisis will act as a slight break on growth, but that will be recouped within two or three years.”

But will the future look different?

“I think there will be a paradigm shift in expectations for the tourism industry. We will need to change how we think, particularly in two areas. I believe that many destinations will choose to tackle head on the dilemmas they have faced with respect to overtourism. For example, Venice has said that it will not necessarily receive cruise ships in the same way as in the past, but I also think that tourism will be required to become much more environmentally friendly. The industry currently generates around eight percent of the world’s emissions, and that will rise to 15 percent in the future.”

People are saying that things will change after the coronavirus crisis.

How does the project we are looking at here fit into that – into your future outlook?

“I think it delivers on the two areas I’ve mentioned. It offers a model where tourists, and particularly those involved in what has been defined as overtourism, arrive at a hub outside the city, where you can control capacity in a completely different manner and meet the concerns of people living in the city to a greater extent, balancing their needs against those of the tourists.

And it will also create the opportunity to take tourists straight out into the fjords using more environmentally friendly forms of transport – boats powered by hydrogen, ammonia or electricity – without needing to travel from the cities to the fjords. So I feel this is a modern, forward-looking approach to tourism that is capable of meeting future requirements and building up the critical mass needed for this to be profitable.”

Yes, move the cruise port out of Bergen city centre!

Yes, move the cruise port out of Bergen city centre! 1900 1267 admin_kilden

For years, politicians and residents in Bergen have discussed how we can make best use of the port area in Bergen and the site of the cruise port. There have been various suggestions to move the cruise port out of Bergen city centre, with the most recent proposal coming from Rexir and COWI. The cruise industry supports the idea of moving the cruise port away from the city centre, which we see as a win-win situation.

At other major cruise destinations, it is quite common – and often desirable – for the cruise port to be outside the city centre. It makes it possible to offer better facilities to shipowners and passengers alike and reduces the negative impacts on the local community.

The recently launched project Kildn, presented by Rexir and COWI, has big environmental ambitions. The aim is zero emissions of greenhouse gases. That would help the cruise industry, which is working hard to reduce its emissions by 40 percent by 2030.

The industry recognises that many people in Bergen find it inconvenient to have the cruise port located in the crowded city centre.

If it were located outside the city centre, passengers could easily be transported to the centre by a suitable mode of transport, such as electric buses or boats.

A pleasant place to live is also a pleasant place to visit. We believe that moving the cruise port out of Bergen city centre would be the best option for the cruise lines, passengers and the people of Bergen.



By:  Tor Christian Sletner

Vice President at Cruise Lines International Association Europe

Source: BT , 11.juni 2020